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A cataract is a lens opacity or cloudiness. On visual inspection, the lens appears gray or milky in color. It can develop in one or both eyes at any age and gender for a variety of causes. Painless, blurry vision is characteristics of cataracts.

Medical Management

Unfortunately, there is no non-surgical (medications), treatment that cures cataracts or prevent age-related cataracts. Although, preventing other-related risk factors such as cigarette smoking, long-term use of corticosteroids, radiation, obesity and others can reduce the risk of having a cataracts.

Surgical Management

Surgery for the removal of cataracts is performed  on an outpatient basis and usually takes less than an hour. When both eyes have cataracts, one eye is treated first, with months of interval. The interval provides time for the first eye to recover and for the doctor or surgeon to evaluate the first eye surgery done.

Nursing Management

The patient should wear a protective eye patch for 24 hours after surgery to prevent accidental rubbing or poking of the eye. Sunglasses should be worn while outdoors during the day because the eye is sensitive to light. Discharges, some redness and itchy feeling may be expected for a few days. Discharges may be removed by cleaning it with damp wash-cloth. Patient must report to the eye doctors any untoward signs and symptoms felt after surgery.

For a modern-day eye care, Dr. Stuart Sondheimer, Chicago lasik and cataract eye surgery specialist, provide high quality modern eye care. Early treatment and prevention is the best for a cataract problem.

Photo Credit: eyecare2020.com