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The temperature in Metro Manila is expected to reach 39.9 degrees Celsius later this week, the Department of Health (DOH) has warned the public against the possibility of heat stroke cases and to take the necessary precautions to stay healthy during this summer season.

Heat Stroke

DOH stressed that the risk of heat stroke, which is considered a medical emergency, increases during hot and humid conditions, especially during exercise, prolonged exposure to direct sunlight and when the body is dehydrated.

Ways to prevent heat stroke

  1. Avoid spending too much time outdoors
  2. Drink water rather than tea, coffee, soda and alcoholic beverages
  3. Wear wide-brimmed hats and long-sleeved clothing
  4. Strenuous activities and exercise must be scheduled either at the beginning or end of the day, when the temperature is cooler.

Symptoms of heat stroke

  1. Intense thirst
  2. Dehydration
  3. Weakness or discomfort
  4. Dizziness or fainting
  5. Anxiety
  6. Headaches
  7. Core body temperature of 40°C
  8. Hot and dry skin
  9. Rapid heartbeat
  10. Suffering from convulsions
  11. Deliriums
  12. Loss of consciousness

In case of heat stroke, the patient must be immediately moved to a shady area or indoors and have him or her lie down with the legs elevated. Ice or ice packs must be applied to the armpits, wrists, ankles and the groin and cool water on the skin to lower temperature. The patient must be immediately transferred to a hospital after receiving first aid.

Heat stroke occurs when the body overheats. When untreated, it can damage the brain, heart and kidneys, resulting in serious complications or even death.