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Nurses are responsible for initiating, monitoring, maintaining, and discontinuing the IV infusion and for client teaching related to the infusion. The intravenous therapy nurse shall be committed and competent in all aspects of IV therapy to ensure safety and quality of patient care. He/she shall perform the following procedures but is not limited to:

  1. Utilizing the nursing process in the care of patient with IVT
    1. Assessment
    2. Plan of care
    3. Implementation
    4. Evaluation
    5. Documentation
  2. Carrying out of the physician’s written prescription for IV therapy
  3. Preparing the necessary materials and observing the inaccuracy or error unusualities, which include but are not limited to the following:
    1. Expiration date of IV solution and materials
    2. Cracks of IV bottle
    3. Presence of sediments and cloudiness of IV solution
    4. Incompatibilities of drugs and solution
  4. Performing peripheral venipuncture to the patients using all types of needles and cannula excluding central lines such as subclavian, internal, external jugular, femoral lines and in accordance to the established institutional policy or protocol
  5. Administering blood and blood components as prescribed
  6. Computing and establishing flow rates of solutions, medications, blood and blood components as prescribed by the physician
  7. Observing and assessing all adverse reactions related to IV therapy and initiating necessary measures to avert reactions
  8. Adhering to established infection control practices
  9. Ensuring technical capability in the use, care, maintenance and evaluation of IV equipment such as infusion pumps, syringe pumps, etc.
  10. Documenting information related to the preparation, administration and termination of all forms of IV therapy

Reference: Nursing Standards on Intravenous Practice (ANSAP)
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