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High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves a victim’s chances of survival. The critical characteristics of high quality CPR include:

  • Start compressions within 10 seconds of recognition of cardiac arrest.
  • Push hard, push fast: Compress at a rate of at least 100/min with a depth of at least 2 inches (5cm) for adults, approximately 2inches (5cm) for children, and approximately 1 ½ inches (4cm) for infants.
  • Allow complete chest recoil after each compression.
  • Minimize interruptions in compressions (try to limit interruptions to <10 seconds).
  • Give effective breaths that make the chest rise.
  • Avoid excessive ventilation.
Reference: 2010 AHA Guidelines for CPR and ECC
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