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diabetesHere’s what you need to know about Diabetes Mellitus from A to Z.

AMPUTATION

Due to cell death caused by diabetes, its complication is usually non-healing wound. Especially in the lower extremities. If not properly managed or treated could lead to amputation.

BLOOD SUGAR

The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. The body naturally tightly regulates blood glucose levels as a part of metabolic homeostasis.

CARBOHYDRATES

Carbohydrates are one of the main nutrients in our diet. They help provide energy for our body. People with diabetes often need to count the amount of carbohydrates they eat.

DIET

Proper and balanced diet is advised to patient diagnosed and with risk of diabetes.

EXERCISE

Physical activity and keeping a healthy weight can help you take care of your diabetes and prevent diabetes problems. Physical activity helps your blood glucose,* also called blood sugar, stay in your target range.

FAMILY HISTORY

An individual with family history of Diabetes are most likely at high risk of having diabetes as well.

GLAUCOMA

Diabetic eye disease comprises a group of eye conditions that affect people with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema (DME), cataract, and glaucoma.

HYPERTENSION

Many people with diabetes also have high blood pressure. If you have heart, eye, or kidney problems from diabetes, high blood pressure can make them worse. 

INSULIN

Insulin helps keep blood glucose levels on target by moving glucose from the blood into your body’s cells. Your cells then use glucose for energy.

JANUVIA

This type of pill lowers your blood glucose by helping your body make more insulin when it’s needed, especially right after meals. It also helps keep your liver from putting stored glucose into your blood.

KIDNEY DISEASES

Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure, accounting for nearly 44 percent of new cases. Even when diabetes is controlled, the disease can lead to CKD and kidney failure. Most people with diabetes do not develop CKD that is severe enough to progress to kidney failure.

LANTUS SOLOSTAR

Lantus® is a long-acting insulin used to treat adults with type 2 diabetes and adults and pediatric patients (children 6 years and older) with type 1 diabetes for the control of high blood sugar.

METABOLIC SYNDROME

Metabolic syndrome, also called insulin resistance syndrome, is a group of traits and medical conditions linked to overweight and obesity that puts people at risk for both CVD and type 2 diabetes.

NEUROPATHY

Diabetic neuropathies are a family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes. People with diabetes can, over time, develop nerve damage throughout the body.

ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST

The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) measures the body’s ability to use a type of sugar, called glucose, that is the body’s main source of energy. An OGTT can be used to diagnose prediabetes and diabetes. An OGTT is most commonly done to check for diabetes that occurs with pregnancy (gestational diabetes).

PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY

Peripheral neuropathy, also called distal symmetric neuropathy or sensorimotor neuropathy, is nerve damage in the arms and legs

QDiabetes – Diabates Risk Calculator

You can use this calculator to work out your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes over the next ten years by answering some simple questions. It is suitable for people who do not already have a diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes. The QDiabetes® algorithm has been developed by doctors and academics working in the UK National Health Service and is based on routinely collected data from many thousands of GPs across the country who have freely contributed data for medical research.

REGULAR INSULIN

Regular insulin includes regular human insulin also known as human insulin (regular) and is a short acting insulin. The two most common brand names are Humulin R and Novolin R. It is primarily used to treat high blood sugar levels in conditions like diabetes mellitus.

SITAGLIPTIN

Treating type 2 diabetes in patients who cannot control blood sugar levels by diet and exercise alone. It is used along with diet and exercise. It may be used alone or with other antidiabetic medicines.

TRIGLYCERIDES

Elevated triglyceride levels are a component of metabolic syndrome, a group of disorders that increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

URINARY INCONTINENCE

Dysfunctions of urination have long been known as a problem associated with diabetes, although the literature on the subject is limited. Also called cystopathy, the neurogenic bladder is considered a form of autonomic neuropathy. It begins with selective damage to autonomic afferent nerves, leaving motor function intact but impairing the sensation of bladder fullness and, therefore, resulting in decreased urinary frequency.

VILDAGLIPTIN

Vildagliptin (previously LAF237, trade names Galvus, Zomelis,) is an oral anti-hyperglycemic agent (anti-diabetic drug) of the new dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class of drugs. Vildagliptin has been shown to reduce hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

WEIGHT CONTROL

Losing just a few pounds through exercise and eating well can help with your diabetes control and can reduce your risk for other health problems. You will also have more energy and feel better in general!

XELEVIA

Xelevia is a medicine that contains the active substance sitagliptin. Xelevia helps to improve the levels of insulin after a meal and decreases the amount of sugar made by the body.

YMCA’s Diabetes Prevention Program

More than 200 Ys across the country help thousands of people reduce their risk for developing type 2 diabetes with YMCA’s Diabetes Prevention Program. This small-group program helps people with prediabetes eat healthier, increase their physical activity, and lose weight, which can delay or even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

ZINC

Primarily, zinc helps the immune system function properly. It’s also needed for cell growth and division, wound.